Technology Assessment in James Joyce
The medium technology used by James
Joyce is print, from which books were invented.
Technology is generally defined as
"science or knowledge applied to a definite purpose".
assessment has been defined as a form of policy research that examines
short- and long-term consequences of technologies.. Instruction
Assessment, determines whether or not the goals of education are being
met. Our assessment here is how much Print Technology meets its goals.
Instruction Assessment is not our
purpose here, also technology in general, and they are quite different subject
but share a common sense objective which is to realize if ends meet.
The technology we are interested
in is the one invented by Johannes
which enabled the existence of books, from which we can access James Joyce works.
We can say that McLuhan's The
Gutenberg Galaxy is a Technology Assessment of Gutenberg's invention,
the movable type setting. Although anything in reality materializes under some
form of technology, there
are much more things involved that are not technological. McLuhan gives
us a glimpse on that and Charles Eames, with his wife Ray, were amongst the
most notable capacities of an effective holistic and specific analysis, specially
their thinking and modelling processes involved, which we will use here too.
McLuhan has a very special way of
sorting all that out and basically we can say indeed about Joyce that The
Medium is the Message.
As matter of fact, I sort of already
explained it when discussing Ulysses in a job I called McLuhan
Glosses on Ulysses medium Origin . The design proved clumsy in its usability
and we will use the material there as an encyclopedia and will reach it through
will reveal evidences of the ideas discussed here.
case of the printed word
Where the word is the signal,
printed page the transmiter, light the channel, the eye the receiver. Actually
the receiver is the brain.
What about the noise?
If you take the Shannone
Weaver model in consideration, the noise typically is the lack of light,
excess of noise or uncomfortable environment, quality of the printed material,
the size of the printed word, its format, etc.
If you take the interactive model into consideration, there are much more aspects
to consider, and it is done above, but basically they all can be encompassed
in the design.
The interaction in the case of reading
a book is sort of one way and is a function of the intellectual ability of the
reader which reflects what he reads.