2 - 23)
The understanding of Ulysses,
in the opinion of Joyce himself, demands a kind of framework that gives clues
to the reader. We have first to fit within the schemes
proposed by James Joyce, which was created synthetically, containing
controversies or inconsistencies, which will be discussed. However, I recognize
that this method that Joyce foresaw is the best way, but has to cover more reality
than he did in his scheme (there is so much more than the binding elements
he selected). This has to be connected with a way of thinking that allows
its use, in our case, rational, objective, "scientific". This discussion
for clarification and justification of the framework I propose can be seen by
pressing on each item presiding agglutination used. These binding elements of
cohesion, connection, focus and unification, are determined using the Linatti
scheme and adding others.
Take a look at Joyce
Project and press Telemachus. You will find there 157 notes about Telemachus.
It doesn't hurt to go to Schmoop
(Shmoop Editorial Team. "Ulysses
Episode 1: Telemachus Summary." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University,
Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 4 Oct. 2015.)
cohesive, bonding, focus, unifying elements:
text available only in Portuguese, waiting to be translated
tower (erected by the British to repel the French invasion during the
Napoleonic wars) in Sandycove on the coast of the Dublin Bay, seven miles
southeast of Dublin
dialogue between 3, 4, people, soliloquy
son, stripped of everything, fighting and struggling with effort
As Prof. Don Gifford
tells us, the book I of Homer's Odyssey opens with the invocation of the
muse followed by an account of how the council of gods on Olympus, led
by Zeus, decides it's time for Odysseus to return home. The scene then
changes to Ithaca where we find Telemachus, son of Odysseus, "one
boy dreaming with the return of his father," in Fitzgerald's words.
The boy is angry and unhappy, threatened with treason and loss of position
by suitors surrounding his mother, Penelope, during the absence of his
father. These arrogant men are led by Antinous and Eurymachos. Telemachus
seeks counsel of the gods and Pallas Athens is revealed to him as his
protector. She advises him to travel in search of his father.
= Hamlet = Stephen = Ireland
Antinous = Mulligan
Mentor = Milkwoman Pallas (Atenas)
Penelope = mother
his friend Buck Mulligan (medical student), and his English friend from
Oxford , Haines, are waking up and getting ready for the day.
Stephen complains that he had a restless night because of Haines nightmares.
Mulligan, who staged a mockery of the Catholic Mass, criticises him because
he refused to pray at the deathbed of his own mother. The three come together
taking breakfast and talking. The milk comes from a dairy old woman, with
which Haines, with his interest in the native language and Irish nationalism,
start a conversation, talking to her in Gaelic. Leaving the tower so Mulligan
could go for his morning swim, Stephen is asked to explain his theory
of Hamlet. He refuses and Haines and Stephen discuss literature and politics.
They find a friend who comments on a drowning, on a guy named Bannon and
a girl, which we will later find it's Milly, daughter of Leopold Bloom.
Mulligan turns in the tower key and two pence Stephen, who, like usurped
Telemachus, moves away aimlessly.
It is everything
which is there or the effect that is produced in our mind after sufficient
development of thought that follows below, under the title
"where to find all that in the original text of Ulysses"
to find all that in the original text of Ulysses"
Let's reverse the above
sequence, starting from the bottom up, leaving the Final Interpretant to end,
2. Parallel to Homer
5. Final Interpretationl
Timetable, Scene, Organ,
Art, Colors, Shape, Technic will be combined in a specific comment, but can
be part of items 1-5.
Summaries will be placed
in a repository, which together form the summary of the book. Check
there the summary for Telemachus
2 - Parallel
Parallel to Homero for
this chapter should be contextualized at
Parallel to Homer<
Antinous is a name that
means "without common sense" which Don Gifford relates to "antimind"
and perhaps it might be worth to find out if Homer wanted to relate to the god
Antinous, with connotations that I leave to the imagination of readers.
There are several Eurymachos,
which can also be seen
in, but to our interests, is the
child Pybus, who went down in history as Penelope suitor. Don Gifford
does not say it clearly, but it is interesting to note that Eurymachos, Antinous
and the applicants disrespected the gods when they dispensed Telemacus, which
was favored by Athena and Halitherses, which are spokespersons of the will of
the gods. When they disregarded this will of the gods they put themselves in
opposition to the divine law and therefore they will be punished. Don Gifford
intorms details about this attitude of applicants (pg 12). Athena helps Telemachus
to get the vessel and the crew for their trip to the mainland.
There is a difference between
the schema that Joyce gave Gilbert Stuart and the one he gave Linatti, and it
is worth mentioning that it relates Stephen with Hamlet, which makes by implication
his uncle Claudio Antinous Buck Mulligan and the milkwoman the mentor.
In the scheme given to
Linatti, Hamlet is Ireland and Stephen and at the cross reference characters,
without indicating correspondence, it appears as Mentor, connected by brackets
with Pallas Athena, the suitors and Penelope (Muse). It's interesting because
only in Columbia
scheme appears the brackets indicated by Gifford, and generally it does not
appear in other reproductions, including the one I used. This course of Columbia
as an example.
As is discussed in Ulysses
on the Liffey, the notes of Professor Seidl enlighten
us a bit about it
3 - Symmetry
of this chapter should be contextualized at
Parallel to Homer< Following coments are valid:
The narrative structure
that Homer used to tell his tale can be jarring if you are unprepared. The story
of Odysseus would have been well-known by the time Homer crafted his definitive
version, so he plunges in, fully expecting that the audience is already familiar
with the hero. As with The Illiad, he begins by invoking the muse:
Sing to me of the man,
Muse, the man of twists and turns
driven time and again off course, once he had plundered
the hallowed heights of Troy.
Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds,
many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea,
fighting to save his life and bring his comrades home.
But he could not save them from disaster, hard as he strove
the recklessness of their own ways destroyed them all,
the blind fools, they devoured the cattle of the Sun
and the Sungod wiped from sight the day of their return.
Launch out on his story, Muse, daughter of Zeus,
start from where you will sing for our time too.
The adventure with the
Cattle of the Sun is near the end of Odysseus suffering abroad, yet it
is one of the first things Homer tells us. It is a narrative technique called
in medias res, which means to begin in the middle of things. As
a result, the majority of Odysseus most famous adventures are told in
a flashback sequence that spans four lengthy chapters. We also bounce between
what it happening with Odysseus abroad and what is occurring with his wife Penelope
and son Telemachus back in Ithaca. Additionally, there are a few abrupt transitions
to the gods conversing on Olympus. If you feel lost at any point while you read,
SparkNotes has an excellent breakdown of the book that you can view for free
on their website.
Prof. Don Gifford informs
us that the book I of Homer's Odyssey opens with the invocation of the muse
(above, with explanation that Gifford does not provide and which is timely,
specially for the symmetry we want) followed by an account of how the council
of gods on Olympus, chaired by Zeus, decides it's time for Odysseus to return
home. The scene then changes to Ithaca where we find Telemachus, son of Odysseus,
"one boy dreaming with the return of his father," in Fitzgerald's
words. The boy is angry and unhappy, threatened with treason and loss of position
by suitors surrounding his mother, Penelope, during the absence of his father.
These arrogant men are led by Antinous and Eurymachos. Telemachus seeks counsel
of the gods and Pallas Athens is revealed to him as his protector. She advises
him to travel in search of his father.
The interactions occurring
in Joyce's Ulysses, in this first chapter, follow the same sequence, which will
gradually making sense, before they become clear as you can see below in the
Final Interpretation and what goes on in our mind is more or less the following:
The episode opens with
Buck mocking the actions of a priest at mass, an affront
to the previously devout Dedalus, and an image that highlights Bucks
disrespectful and boisterous nature. Buck calls Stephen a fearful
Jesuit and pokes fun at the Greek origin of his last name, calling it
absurd. Buck nicknames Stephen Kinch,
meaning knife-blade, which opposes Bucks own stately, plump and
ungirdled appearance. Bucks loud and theatrical
gestures as he mimics the priest contrast with Stephens slow, weary, and
quiet ones. Bucks light appearancehe
is wearing a yellow robe, is covered in white shaving cream, has white
teeth glistening here and there with gold points, and has light
untonsured hair, grained and hued like pale oak underscores
Stephens dark, somber appearance. Buck mocks Stephen for wearing
second-hand clothing, for continuing to wear only black as he mourns his mothers
death, and for his infrequent bathing patterns. The physical contrasts between
the two further highlight the alienation and sobriety
that define Stephen.
After Buck concludes his
performance of the mass, Stephen asks how much longer the Englishman Haines
will be staying with them in the tower. The presence of Haines immediately brings
forward the tension between English and Irish identitieswherever
Stephen goes he cannot escape the haunting force of
the Englishman. Buck backhandedly criticizes Stephen by telling him
that Haines thinks that he is not a gentleman. Stephen worries about the violent
nature of Haines, who screamed about a black panther in the middle of the previous
night. You saved men from drowning. Im not a hero, however, if he
stays on here I am off, Stephen tells Buck. Haines poses an even greater
threat to Stephen, the artist, than to Buck, the strong and heroic
Buck, Haines, and Dedalus
exit the castle and walk along the water. Buck continues his theatrical gestures
as he taunts Stephen and chants a song, the ballad of joking Jesus,
before he walks ahead. Stephen and Haines are left to one another and engage
in a calm conversation. Stephen accepts a cigarette
from Haines, a friendly, accepting gesture, even though the cigarette case,
silver with an emerald is a symbol of the small gem that Ireland is to the dominant
England, as pointed out by Blamires (p.7). Stephen realizes that
the the cold gaze which had measured him was not all unkind and
he discusses the servitude he feels to his English
and Italian masters and eventually to the imperial British
state and the holy Roman catholic and apostolic church. Haines is understanding
of Stephen and concludes, it seems history is to blame. Hainess
statement cements the English dominance Stephen experiences and separates Haines,
though he is an Englishman, from the damage that has been done.
Haines and Dedalus catch
up to Buck who undresses and gets into the water. Haines says he will wait to
go in. Buck demands that Stephen give him the key to the tower. He also demands
an extra two-pence from Stephen. Stephen places the key and money on Bucks
clothing and begins to walk away. Buck tells Stephen to meet them at The
Ship at noon for lunch. Stephen, however, has already decided that he
will not sleep in the tower that night. His statement Home
also I cannot go, underscores the sense of lostness and aloneness
that fills him. Stephen has no true home to return
to. Buck has taken away Stephens final scraps of a home life.
Buck has seized Stephens physical belongings: his handkerchief, his money,
his space in the house through Hainess presence, and finally his key.
His disrespectful nature and the abrasive, intrusive way with which he interacts
with Stephen forces Stephen to face himself and the actions that haunt him.
Through Bucks usurpation, Stephen must leave
the tower and face the world outside.
were contextualized with visual images and comments directly on the text in:
4 - Meaning
Joyce tells us through
the scheme he gave Linati: "Son disinherited,
stripped of everything, fighting and struggling with effort"
(if you want to stay in Ulysses)
to Projects (if you came from there)